Constantinos Terzidis

Constantinos Terzidis 



Brief Introduction

Kostas Terzidis is a professor at the College of Design and Innovation at Tongji University and the founder of the 尚想实验室.  Previously, he was an associate professor at Harvard University Graduate School of Design (2003-2011) and assistant professor at the University of California at Los Angeles (1995-2003).   He holds a PhD from the University of Michigan, a Masters from Ohio State University, and an engineering diploma from Aristotle University.  His areas of concentration are language, algorithmic design, and AI.  He is author of numerous academic papers and the sole author of four academic books: Permutation Design (Routledge: 2014), Algorithms for Visual Design (Wiley: 2009), Algorithmic Architecture (Architectural Press: 2006), and Expressive Form (Spon:2003).  He is the organizer of two Critical Digital Conferences at Harvard in 2008 and 2009, one Algode conference in 2011, and two conferences at Tongji’s D&I on design/art and AI in 2019 and 2021.  In 2010 he was awarded the ACADIA award for innovative research in digital design and in 2019 the high-end foreign expert.  Between 2011-2017 he launched and ran a startup company called Organic Parking, Inc. that dealt with parking optimization through the use of smart phones.



Yi Zhi Shu Art Ltd.

Aiiiii Exhibition

April-May 2021

100,000 RMB


Future Aviation Food Service System

September 2019- March 2020

$120,000 860,000 RMB


Organic Parking



Harvard University

Open Source







Virtual UCLA









Spring 2021

Algorithmic Design

Postgraduate (24)


Winter 2020

Introduction to Design

Undergraduate (300)


Spring 2020

Algorithmic Design

Postgraduate (24)


Winter 2019

Introduction to Design

Undergraduate (300)


Spring 2019

Algorithmic Design

Postgraduate (24)


Spring 2018

Parametric Design

Postgraduate (24)


Summer 2019

Digital Futures

Postgraduate (15)


Summer 2018

Cyborg Futures

Undergraduate / Post- graduate (40)


Summer 2020

Patterns in Visual Arts

Undergraduate (42)


Spring 2019-21

United nations workshop

Postgraduate (40)



Academic and social Post

ACADIA steering committee

eCAADe membership

CAADria membership

AlgoDe organizing committee


Education Background

  • 1990-4 University of Michigan

    Ph.D. in Architecture (minor: Electrical Engineering and Computer Science)

  • 1986-9 Ohio State University

    Masters of Architecture - Computer-aided Architectural Design (CAAD) Specialization

  • 1981-6 Aristotle University, Polytechnic School, Thessaloniki, Greece

    Diploma of Architectural Engineering (5-year)


Work Experience

  • 2017-present


Tongji University – College of Design and Innovation

  • 2004-11 Associate Professor

Harvard University - Graduate School of Design

  • 1995-04

Assistant Professor

UCLA School of Arts and Architecture

  • 1994-5

Assistant Professor

University of Cincinnati, College of Design, Architecture, Art and Planning



Timeless 2018.12.14 Installation

AIIIII Art 2021.09 Exhibition



  • Kostas, Terzidis. Expressive Form: A Conceptual Approach to Computational Design. Spon Press, 2003.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. Algorithmic Architecture. Architectural Press, 2006.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. Algorithms for Visual Design Using the Processing Language. John Wiley & Sons, 2009.

  • Terzidis, K. Permutation Design: Buildings, Texts, and Contexts. Taylor & Francis, 2014.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Algorithmic Complexity: Out of Nowhere.” Complexity. Design Strategy and World View, Ed. Gleiniger, Andrea y Vrachliotis, Georg, Birkhäuser Verlag AG, Berlin, 2008, 75.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Hybrid Form.” Design Issues 19, no. 2 (2003): 76–80.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “The Etymology of Design: Pre-Socratic Perspective.” Design Issues 23, no. 4 (2007): 69–78.

  • Park, J.W., J. Huang, and K. Terzidis. “A Tectonic Approach for Integrating Kinesis with a Building in the Design Process of Interactive Skins.” Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering 10, no. 2 (2011).

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Design inside the Chinese Room.” International Journal of Architectural Computing 6, no. 3 (2008): 361–73.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Architectural Computing: The Creative Process.” International Journal of Architectural Computing 6, no. 3 (2008): 361–73.

  • Kobayashi, Y., R. Hawker, K. Terzidis, T. Narahara, W. Abdelhameed, T. Fukuda, C. Labarca, C. Calderon, and M. Jemtrud. “WORLD8: International Working Group for New Virtual Reality Applications in Architecture.” In Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions - CAADFutures 2009, Proceedings of the 13th International CAAD Futures Conference, 2009.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “The Strive to Capture the Elusive.” In ECAADe 24 - Session 12: Design Theory & Computing, 518–25, 2006.

  • Park, J, K Terzidis, and T Nagakura. “Chameleon Developing an Interactive Facade System Using RFID.” In ECAADe Proceedings, 547–53, 2008.

  • Design.” In Synthetic Landscapes - ACADIA 2006 International Conference, 418–25, 2006.

  • Narahara, Taro, and Kostas Terzidis. “Optimal Distribution of Architecture Programs with Multiple Constraint Genetic Algorithm.” Sigradi, 2006, 299–303.

  • Terzidis, Kostas, and Jan Jungclaus. “Predicting the Future: Open Source CAAD?” 25th Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (ECAADe) Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, September 26-9, 2007, 815–20.

  • Park, J.W., Y.O. Kang, and K. Terzidis. “[SIN]Uous: Developing a Pattern Fabricator Bridging between Visualization in the Digital and Fabrication in the Physical.” In CAADRIA 2008 - The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Beyond Computer-Aided Design, 2008.

  • Terzidis, Kostas, and Ali Malkawi. “Distorted Eye.” SIGraDi 2002 - [Proceedings of the 6th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Caracas (Venezuela) 27-29 November 2002, 2002, 261–63.

  • Samareh, Behnam, and Kostas Terzidis. “Extreme Spatial Experience: Altering the Perception of Space.” In ACADIA Proceedings, 139–46, 2002.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Teaching Sensor and Internet Technologies for Responsive Building Designs.” In ACADIA 2001, 356, 2001.

  • Yoshihiro, Kobayashi, and Kostas Terzidis. “Extracting the Geometry of Buildings from Satellite Images Using Fuzzy Multiple Layer Perecptrons.” In SIGraDI 2000 Proceedings, 1–4, 2000.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Computers and the Creative Process.” Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [ECAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, 1999, 43–50.

  • Terzidis, Kostas, and David Campbell. “Data-Stream Driven Distributed Virtual Environments: Air Quality Management District Visualization.” Building Simulation Proceedings, 1999, 97–100.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Experiments on Animated Visual Forms.” In Computers in Building, 335–50. Springer, 1999.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “Explorations of New Visual Systems.” In SIGGRAPH Abstracts and Applications, 211, 1999.

  • Terzidis, Kostas. “A System for Extracting Aesthetic Information from Architectural Drawings.” Proceedings of IAPR Workshop on Machine Vision Applications, 1998, 73— – 76.

  • Terzidis, Constantinos, and Emmanuel-George Vakalo. “Computer-Aided Extraction of Morphological Information from Architectural Drawings.” In Reconnecting [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-03-9] Washington University (Saint Louis / USA), 77–86, 1994.

  • Terzidis, Kostas, and E Vakalo. “The Role Of Computers In Architectural Design.” IAPS Proceedings, 1992.

  • Terzidis, Kostas, Filippo Fabrocini, and Hyejin Lee, "Deep permutation design", Leonardo Journal (forthcoming)

  • Terzidis, Kostas, Filippo Fabrocini, and Hyejin Lee, "Unintentional Intentionality: Art and design in the age of artificial intelligence", AI & Society Journal (forthcoming)

  • Fabrocini Filippo, and Kostas Terzidis, "Reframing AI: An AI Product Designer Perspective", Research in Philosophy and Technology Journal (forthcoming)

  • Terzidis Kostas, Last word (Chapter in book: Intelligent Control: Disruptive Technologies, RIBA Publications (forthcoming)

  • Fabrocini Filippo, and Kostas Terzidis, "What Is the Problem with a Deontic Approach to AI? The Principle of ‘Autonomy’ and the ‘Decide-to-Delegate’ Model", AI & Society Journal (forthcoming)


Honors and Awards

8th Shanghai international Youth Science and technology Expo


Permutation design


Forum8 research award


Flexible Traffic Light


High-End Foreign Expert


Permutation-based Neural Networks




Innovation and Research


University of Michigan


Distinguished Dissertation




Phone: +86 185 21418477

Email: kostas@tongji.edu.cn


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College of Design and Innovation, Tongji University